Within the German public transportation system, there are five different commonly-used modes of transport: S-Bahn. There are many ways to travel from place to place in cities and throughout the country – be it by bicycle, bus, or rail. That is why in this section of our Moving to Germany guide, we tell you all the most important country facts about Germany, such as the cost of living in the country, transportation, driving, and the culture you will have to adapt to. It is a kind of urban-suburban rail system and serves a wider metropolitan region, linking the suburbs … You can change modes of transport as many times necessary to complete your journey (but return journeys or round trips are not permitted) and you must stay within the valid zone(s). based on 1 reviews. Local Transport. Question. Expats in Germany have the choice between more than 30 commercial passenger airports, ranging from major, busy transport hubs to small airfields. You'll be a master of public transport in German after this lesson! The transportation sub-index of the CPI basket in Germany decreased to 103.10 points in November of 2020 from 103.70 points in October of 2020. Normally, tickets must be stamped upon boarding in order to be valid. Tickets bought from vending machines must usually be validated before the start of your journey. Albeit the fact that Germans are known to be car lovers, most citizens living inside big cities, especially expats choose to use public transport in their … At the local level, Germany’s states manage buses, trams, metro networks, suburban trains, and ferries. Which means of transport do you use? I need to have a business plan and establish the company (any kind of companies such as GmbH..... you suggest and why). Information on German transport associations, ticketing & fare systems & details of transport associations in Berlin, Cologne, Hamburg, Munich & Frankfurt. This makes it easy to take weekend trips to other cities, the countryside, the mountains or the sea, or even venture across the border and visit other countries in Europe. Some networks also include regional trains as well, usually operated by Deutsche Bahn, the company which runs most train services in Germany. Buses are the mainstay of many German towns and cities, linking further-afield places and operating into the night when the other forms of transport stop running (although S-Bahn and U-bahn trains typically run all night over the weekend in larger cities). Single tickets are generally valid for a set time period (often 90 minutes). I can unsubscribe any time using the unsubscribe link at the end of all emails. Usually valid for groups of up to five people, they give unlimited travel for a day or 24 hours within specified zones. CPI Transportation in Germany averaged 88.07 points from 1991 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 109.50 points in September of 2012 and a record low of 57.30 points in February of 1991. On buses, you can buy a ticket from the driver. A multi-ticket strip (Streifenkarte or 4-Fahrtenkarte) or day pass (Tageskarte) generally offers better value than a single-ride ticket. They are faster and cover a wider area than buses or trams but tend to be less frequent. If you are planning on travelling from or within Germany then you have plenty of options on your hand. The public transport network in Germany operates on an honesty principle, so you won’t find any ticket barriers. In 2013, 1.344 million motor vehicles were registered in the city. In some cities, you can buy single tickets in batches in advance, so they need to be stamped with the date of use in order to be valid. I'd like to establish and run a company which works in Germany transporting heavy goods (primarily inside Germany or nearby countries). If you're at a hotel or restaurant, ask staff to call one for you. Except for ICE/ICs which is a German high-speed train for long-distance travel, the rest is used for regional transport. Fines are levied if you’re caught without a valid ticket. There’s no helmet law, not even for children, although using one is recommended, for obvious reasons. Receive the IamExpat Weekly and Special Offers from our Partners. Bigger cities, such as Berlin and Munich, integrate buses, trams, U-Bahn (underground, subway) trains and S-Bahn (suburban) trains into a single network. 2021 in Germany: All of the changes expats need to know about, New travel rules in South Germany: Border closures and compulsory testing, Germany extends lockdown until January 31 and tightens restrictions, COVID-19 vaccinations start in Germany today: What you need to know, Germany planning new entry rules for travellers from risk areas. While tickets in Germany generally don’t come cheap, the group day ticket actually offers great value for money if you are travelling in a group of three or more. Average cost of transportation in Germany. Germany's cities and larger towns have efficient public-transport systems. Everything about cars and driving in Germany: driver's licences, learning to drive, registering cars, taxes, insurance, inspections / TÜV & importing cars. Transport volume of air cargo in Germany from 2006 to 2019 Arriving and departing air cargo at German airports in 2015 Forecast: freight air and space transport revenue Germany 2009-2018 a month pass) but these usually have to be purchased from an official at the ticketing office (and in any case it’s recommended, rather than putting that much money into one of the ticket machines!). Generally, the German transport system can be characterised as being comprehensive, reliable and efficient. Exclusive to Berlin at the time of writing is UberTaxi, which hooks passengers up with regular taxis. “Mobility in Germany” is “the” extensive cross-sectional study in Germany which, every few years, collects data on the everyday mobility of Germany’s residential population. The symbol for the U-Bahn in Germany is typically a white “U” on a blue sign. You can buy a ticket from one of the automated ticket machines at all tram, U-Bahn and S-Bahn stations. Occasionally, buses are supplemented by trams (Strassenbahnen), which are usually faster because they travel on their own tracks, largely independent of other traffic. A guide to the German public transportation system for expats: public transport (S- & U-Bahn, tram), taxis, trains, coaches, long-distance buses & driving. Most transport operators now also offer E-tickets via an app. Find a wide range of information about Transport Education in the Transport Engineering Section of the Database International Bachelor, Master and Doctoral Programmes in Germany by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) or find Bachelor or Master degrees in the Study Scan database by filtering for “Transport“, “Verkehr” or “Mobility“. If you are required to validate your ticket it will be printed with something along the lines of “Bitte entwerten” (please validate). In all major German cities there are many modes of transport available to you. Underground (subway) trains are known as U-Bahn in Germany and are the fastest form of travel in big cities. In larger cities such as Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, they are usually run by a transport association that integrates all forms of public transport into a single network. Specific S-Bahn lines are abbreviated with ‘S’ followed by the number (eg S1, S7). An overview of prices & tickets offered by companies like Deutsche Bahn. Living in Germany is a dream for many, but there is so much you need to know before making the move. Germany is among the world’s leading logistics centres: located in the centre of Europe, it offers many logistical advantages. It’s rarely possible to flag down a taxi; more typical is to order one by phone (look up Taxiruf in the phone book) or board at a taxi rank. Germany hereby ranks 70th in a worldwide comparison. Modes of public transport in Germany. If you stray outside of the zone(s) for which the ticket is valid, you could be fined. Fares are determined by zones or … Tickets, fares, regulations, networks, schedules. By 2020, final energy consumption should be 10 % below 2005 levels, and 40 % below by 2050 (BMWi, BMU 2010, in German … Fares are determined by zones or time travelled, sometimes by both. Typically there are five different types of tickets available for purchase in Germany: Short trip tickets are only valid for two or three stops on a single form of transportation (i.e. Bicycles must be equipped with a white light at the front, a red one at the back and yellow reflectors on the wheels and pedals. Rate this article . Directory of Transport Companies in Germany, freight companies, truck transport Germany Important key questions are: How often and for what purpose are you on the move? Normal rates apply. Uber (www.uber.com), an app that allows private drivers to connect with potential passengers, is not widely used in Germany after a court ruled in 2015 that the services UberPop and UberBlack violate German transportation laws. For expats of all colours, shapes & sizes. Transport in Germany – Comparison of Busses, Planes & Trains. Cabs are metered and charged at a base rate (flagfall) plus a per-kilometre fee. What distances are covered and how long are people on the move? S-Bahn is an abbreviation of Schnellbahn or Stadtschnellbahn (city rapid rail), and, as the name suggests, is the fastest form of public transportation. “ The Munich mass transportation system - consisting of the S-bahn, U-bahn, and buses - is an excellent way to navigate this historic city and the surrounding area. Taking public transport in a foreign country can be a harrowing experience. Bigger cities, such as Berlin and Munich, integrate buses, trams, U-Bahn (underground, subway) trains and S-Bahn (suburban) trains into a single network. Theoretically, this is 7.52 meter for each of the 83 millions inhabitants of the country. Germany's cities and larger towns have efficient public-transport systems. Transport and infrastructure in Germany Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Germany with the average of all countries in Europe. Some drivers charge extra for bulky luggage or night-time rides. Taxis also often wait outside theatres or performance venues. Bigger cities, such as Berlin and Munich, integrate buses, trams, U-Bahn (underground, subway) trains and S-Bahn (suburban) trains into a single network. These charges are fixed but vary from city to city. Uber reacted by creating UberX, which uses only professionally licensed drivers and is available in Berlin, Düsseldorf and Munich. “ Brilliant tram service throughout the city … Rail passes are generally valid on these services. Many cities have dedicated bicycle lanes, which must be used unless obstructed. S-Bahn lines are often linked to the national rail network and sometimes connect urban centres. No matter how many times you change from a bus to a U-Bahn to a tram to complete your journey, the same ticket will be valid as long as you stay within the correct zone(s). Travel zones are an important part of the German public transportation system. All rights reserved. With an effectively nationalized railway network, crossing the country by train means buying a ticket from Deutsche Bahn. Here is a selection of articles, news and features you may also like. Public transport maps are clearly divided into zones (Waben): zone A is typically focussed around the city centre, zone B a little further out, zone C beyond that, and so on. Deutsche Bahn (DB), the German rail service, is reliable and speedy. The Stadtbahn concept uses a mixture of special and regular streetcars that use underground tunnels and stations to increase the system’s speed by avoiding vehicular traffic. © 2021 Lonely Planet. As a result, both transport sectors have become significantly more energy-efficient. Regional trains are either RB (Regionalbahn), with multiple stops, or RE (Regionalexpress), which are faster and have fewer stops. Get all the informations about Munich Public Transport, tickets and timetables on the official website of Munich Route maps are posted in all stations, and at many you’ll be able to pick up a printed copy from the stationmaster or ticket office. Bus, tram, S-Bahn, U-Bahn, regional trains (RE/RB/IRE), ICE/ICs are the main public transportation in Germany. It is a kind of urban-suburban rail system and serves a wider metropolitan region, linking the suburbs and commuter regions with the city centre and main rail station. Starting a Transport-Company in Germany? These include Bus, Train ( Bahn ), Tram ( S-Bahn ), and Underground ( U-Bahn ). Transportation: Getting around Germany Germany has a very dense transportation network. Most German cities and towns have efficient systems of public transport. Buses run at regular intervals, with restricted services in the evenings and at weekends. And with your Semesterticket (the student ticket for transport) you can use them all for free (within a … Germans love to cycle, be it for errands, commuting, fitness or pleasure. Driving regulations in Germany. Bus and tram drivers generally sell single tickets and day passes only. At major stations, there is usually a staffed ticket office where you can buy all kinds of tickets, including season tickets. In Germany, tram stops are often combined with bus stops and indicated by the word “Tram” on a red background. Make sure you are prepared for your German experience by taking the time to understand these simple words and phrases. In this Transport in German vocabulary lesson you will learn 20 German words for different means of transport. On busy routes, services will run every few minutes, and even throughout the night on evenings and weekends. Some German cities have a light-rail system known as the “Stadtbahn” (“city rail”). It is not uncommon for tickets to allow travel up until 2am or 3am the following day to allow passengers to return home from an evening out. Road transport. No part of this site may be reproduced without our written permission. Germany by Train. Driving in Germany Germany is a nation of car enthusiasts, however, strict rules apply when driving in Germany and expats may be required to get a German driver’s licence. Fortunately Germany has both an extensive network of railroad as well as streets and make it one of the best countries in the world to travel around. Berlin is linked to the rest of Germany and neighbouring countries by the country's autobahn network, including the: In its Energy Concept the German Federal Government set an energy-saving target for the transport sector in 2010. (They can actually be slower than trains or trams if you’re stuck in traffic.) Transportation information for expats: taxis in Germany, getting a taxi, taxi fares, meters, luggage charges, Uber & German taxi apps. They travel on rails alongside regular roads and have multiple stops within city centre areas. Metropolitan areas, such as Berlin and Munich, have a system of suburban trains called the S-Bahn. Trip costs tend to be between 3% and 12% less than regular taxi fares. Answer. Lying somewhere between a U-Bahn and a bus, trams (Straßenbahnen) are known as “streetcars” in the USA. Specific U-Bahn lines are abbreviated with ‘U’ followed by the number (eg U1, U7). you are not permitted to change trains). The net of streets and highways has a total length of 625,000 km. Day tickets grant you unlimited travel within specified zones for either a full day or a 24-hour period (your ticket will specify exactly when it expires). You can also purchase tickets that are valid for longer (e.g. Its excellent reputation refers to it being reliable, comfortable and relatively fast. Transportation in Germany: trains, buses, and taxis From high-speed trains and modern trams to rowing boat ferries and dangling rail carriages, the options for public transportation in Germany are almost endless. This way you will be as prepared as you can be for your German adventure! It is usually possible to change the language of the machine to English (look for the flags in the bottom corner). In city centres they sometimes run underground. Buses are a ubiquitous form of public transport, and practically all towns have their own comprehensive network. With 377 cars per 1000 residents in 2013 (570/1000 in Germany), Berlin as a Western world city has one of the lowest numbers of cars per capita.. Autobahn. There is usually nothing to prevent you from boarding an S-Bahn or U-Bahn without a valid ticket (known as “schwarzfahren” - to travel black / fare-dodge), but if you are caught by an inspector you risk being fined up to 60 euros. As most systems are integrated, the main thing determining the price of your ticket is how many zones you will be travelling through. As the name suggests, week tickets are valid within specified zones for a week. Some cities operate night buses along popular routes to get night owls safely home. Bus stops, which usually fall every 300 metres or so, are signified by a green “H” (for “Haltestelle” - stopping point) on a yellow background. The frequency of trains usually fluctuates with demand, meaning there are more trains during commuter rush hours than in the middle of the day. Public transport in Germany is outstanding, covering effectively regions inside the big cities, interconnecting cities as well as connecting smaller towns along the way. I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. The U-Bahn or Untergrundbahn is the German version of the metro, subway or “the Tube” (the name is something of a misnomer, however, as many U-Bahn lines actually run above ground). Road Transportation in Germany Updated on Monday 14th September 2015 . To validate it, push your ticket into the slot of one of the validator machines (Entwerter), which you can usually find next to the ticket machines or on the station platform. Many of the above types of tickets will need to be validated before you can enter the train. The S-Bahn is denoted by a white “S” on a green background. There are three options for long-distance travel in Germany: train, bus & carpool. Public transportation systems in Germany are … You can get anywhere in Germany by train. Within the German public transportation system, there are five different commonly-used modes of transport: S-Bahn is an abbreviation of Schnellbahn or Stadtschnellbahn (city rapid rail), and, as the name suggests, is the fastest form of public transportation. Germany's cities and larger towns have efficient public-transport systems. Public transportation in Berlin, Germany: S-Bahn, U-Bahn, buses, and tram. In order to keep it that way, the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure is taking the necessary steps to even better interlink and coordinate the road, rail, waterborne and air modes of transport in the future. These machines do not generally take contactless or credit card payments but this is gradually changing (and you can use your EC card if you are with a German bank). Smartphone owners can order a taxi via the Mytaxi app (downloadable for free via iTunes or Google Play) in more than 30 German cities. Taxis are expensive and, given the excellent public transport systems, not recommended unless you’re in a real hurry. Based on the new German legislation on driving regulations established in 2009, the legal age to obtain a driver’s license is 17.